Causes and Treatment of Clogged Pores

We’ve all suffered from acne, oily skin, or other issues at some time or another. While what you put in your body has a bit to do with it, the biggest contributor to skin issues is clogged pores. Before you go and cover up those blemish spots or try your own home remedies for your skin care routine, it’s better to educate yourself on what causes pores to clog so you can prevent outbreaks in the future and keep your healthy appearance.

Causes of Clogged Pores

Pores serve a very important purpose in that they keep your skin clean. There are glands underneath your skin called sebaceous glands which excrete an oil called sebum. This oil adheres to dead skin cells as it is excreted out through your skin’s pores and cleans out your pores. The result is newer, fresher, healthier skin.

clogged pores effect on the skin
Imperfections on the skin due to clogged pores

However, your pores can clog due to build-up of these skin cells, dirt, and other free radicals you come in contact with such as makeup or pollution in the air. The sebaceous glands still produce sebum but there is no pathway to excrete it through the clogged pores and an infection occurs. This is most often seen in the form of acne on the skin’s surface.

Effects on the Skin

Even after the acne has gone away, there are still effects on your pores. Recurring bouts of acne can cause stress on your skin’s layers and dilates the pores, leading them to become even more likely to develop blockages and more acne. Extreme cases of persistent acne can even lead to scarring. Your skin develops scars when it tries to heal severe infections. This is done by over producing collagen which plumps up the skin and becomes scar tissue. The weakening of the skin due to the irritation can even lead to skin wrinkles.

Aside from the physical effects of clogged pores, they can take a toll on the individual’s self-esteem because of the embarrassment of having pimples on their face. I’m sure we’ve all had our outbreaks of acne and done our best to try to cover them up. Doesn’t it seem like it always happens before a big day like a wedding, high school prom, or portrait day?

acne buildup in clogged pores
Acne and inflammation due to clogged skin pores.

Ways to Combat Clogged Pores

With the right skin care treatments, most cases of clogged pores can be remedied if you are diligent in your routine. We all like to say that we wash our face, but I suspect for most of those that might just mean a splash of water and calling it a day. This only cleans the outermost layer of the skin and does not fully cleanse the pores. It is important to instead use skin care products with ingredients formulated to penetrate deep down.

Starting off with exfoliation is key to any skin care routine to clean out dead skin and clear any clogs. An exfoliator has an abrasiveness that scrubs rather than rinses the skin. This should be the first step in your routine to allow other products to work their best. After exfoliating, follow up with a facial cleanser to flush out any dead skin cells or dirt that has been loosened. This one-two punch of skin care products can leave your skin raw and dry, so it is best to follow up with a moisturizer or a face skin cream to restore hydration to your skin.

It doesn’t take much to clear out clogged pores, just a few products and consistency in your routine. Follow these simple instructions and you’ll be on your way to preventing clogged pores in the first place, rather than figuring out ways to cover up that ugly zit.